The Stoics believed the whole cosmos to be God which directs all things along their determined paths. The Stoics believed the universe to be composed of an active and creative fire or breath (pneuma) that was coextensive with passive matter (ousia). Pneuma is like a field that emanates through all the ousia and gives ousia… Continue reading Why the Universe Being Good or Rational Is Not a Fallacy of Composition
In this article, I specifically redefine virtue signaling to make a point. I give virtue signaling a positive meaning since in my experience people who are often accused of virtue signaling are likely intending to say, defend, and do the right thing. Often, we hear people complain about others who virtue signal. But what is virtue signaling? Virtue… Continue reading Stoicism and Virtue Signaling
When I began dabbling in Stoic philosophy it was a quick relief for my anxiety, regret, and anger. Before investigating Stoicism, I moved from philosophy to philosophy as I had done since high school. I knew of Stoicism since first getting into philosophy, but I never understood how virtue led to happiness. I found it… Continue reading The Stoic Duty to Others
The Stoics believed in virtue and the chief one among them, justice. The Stoics also believed in preferred indifferents, for example, health, wealth, reputation, pleasure, and education. What did they believe about autonomy though? The Stoics believed in one type of autonomy that was always within our possession: the freedom from perturbation. In fact, if… Continue reading Stoicism, Autonomy and Abortion
“The wise man will not pardon any crime that ought to be punished, but he will accomplish, in a nobler way, all that is sought in pardoning. He will spare some and watch over some, because of their youth, and others on account of their ignorance. His clemency will not fall short of justice, but will fulfill it perfectly.” – Seneca I asked… Continue reading Interview with Rob Colter: Stoic education in Prisons
In the Ethics Spinoza attempts to give his philosophical metaphysics an absolute foundation in the style of Euclidean proofs. One of the principal focuses of the Ethics is to show that God is Nature and Nature is God. Like Descartes and Leibniz, Spinoza was a rationalist which meant he believed that all knowledge could be… Continue reading How Spinoza and the Ancient Stoics Were on the Same Page
It is fundamental that virtue is the only good for a Stoic. There is not a perfect proof for why virtue is the sole good. As my philosophy professor at Drury U used to say, “you have to bite the bullet when deciding to commit to any particular ethical theory.” People at times despair that… Continue reading Why Virtue Is the Only Good
Seneca’s works have been poured over by many, and his popularity only grows in modern times, the information age. One of his least mentioned works, because it doesn’t provide relief for the wary, or focus during hardship, but is nonetheless an important Stoic text on how to live virtuously, is his book “On Benefits”. This… Continue reading Notes from Seneca’s “On Benefits”
Do our thoughts mirror reality? Or are they just a tool for prediction, problem-solving or action? Philosophical pragmatists think it’s the latter. In fact, pragmatists aren’t necessarily interested in whether ideas correspond to reality or not but they are specifically interested in whether ideas serve practical purposes in our daily life. Pragmatism originated from Charles… Continue reading American Pragmatism: Why Stoicism is True because It Works
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